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Immigrants against the StateYiddish and Italian Anarchism in America$
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Kenyon Zimmer

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252039386

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252039386.001.0001

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Revolution and Repression

Revolution and Repression

From Red Dawn to Red Scare

(p.136) Chapter 5 Revolution and Repression
Immigrants against the State

Kenyon Zimmer

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines how the First World War and its aftermath fundamentally altered global politics. Empires crumbled, socialist and nationalist revolutions erupted, and millions perished. Meanwhile, in the United States, rising patriotic fervor and wartime demands for “100 percent Americanism” marked immigrant anarchists as doubly dangerous, and Russia's October Revolution amplified antiradical fears. America was distressed by widespread racial violence, its first Red Scare, and a colossal postwar strike wave. In this context, the federal government proved willing to suppress radical speech and deport politically undesirable immigrants, efforts that were met with an unprecedented upsurge in anarchist violence, itself both a result and a cause of increasing repression.

Keywords:   First World War, global politics, Americanism, October Revolution, antiradical fears, Red Scare, racial violence, anarchist violence

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