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Smokestacks in the HillsRural-Industrial Workers in West Virginia$
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Lou Martin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252039454

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252039454.001.0001

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Movements for Equality in a Time of Industrial Restructuring

Movements for Equality in a Time of Industrial Restructuring

Chapter:
(p.155) Chapter 6 Movements for Equality in a Time of Industrial Restructuring
Source:
Smokestacks in the Hills
Author(s):

Lou Martin

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252039454.003.0007

This chapter discusses the movements for equality during another round of industrial restructuring in the steel and pottery industries. At the same time foreign competition and shifting capital threatened local jobs, historic national movements for equality, coalescing around black freedom and women's rights, played out at the local level. Locally, African Americans and women demanded greater access to factory jobs in the wake of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which outlawed discrimination based on race and gender. In the local potteries that had survived the 1950s, the workforce changed little, but pay scales and the sex typing of jobs changed in subtle but important ways. In contrast, workers at Weirton Steel experienced a radical redrawing of gender and racial divisions even while class-action lawsuits for discrimination were still working their way through the court system.

Keywords:   equality, industrial restructuring, black freedom, women's rights, African Americans, 1964 Civil Rights Act

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