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Fighting for Total Person Unionism – Harold Gibbons, Ernest Calloway, and Working-Class Citizenship - Illinois Scholarship Online
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Fighting for Total Person Unionism: Harold Gibbons, Ernest Calloway, and Working-Class Citizenship

Robert Bussel


During the 1950s and 1960s, labor leaders Harold Gibbons and Ernest Calloway championed a new kind of labor movement that regarded workers as “total persons” interested in both workplace affairs and the exercise of effective citizenship in their communities. Working through Teamsters Local 688 and viewing the city of St. Louis as their laboratory, this remarkable interracial duo forged a dynamic political alliance that placed their “citizen members” on the front lines of epic battles for urban revitalization, improved public services, and the advancement of racial and economic justice. Paralle ... More

Keywords: racial justice, Harold Gibbons, Ernest Calloway, labor movement, citizenship, urban revitalization, economic justice, civil rights movement, Teamsters Local 688, St. Louis

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780252039492
Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017 DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252039492.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Robert Bussel, author
University of Oregon