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This Is Not DixieRacist Violence in Kansas, 1861-1927$
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Brent M. S. Campney

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252039508

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252039508.001.0001

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“Peace at Home Is the Most Essential Thing”

“Peace at Home Is the Most Essential Thing”

(p.179) Chapter 8 “Peace at Home Is the Most Essential Thing”
This Is Not Dixie

Brent M. S. Campney

University of Illinois Press

This chapter chronicles the long “Red Summer” and persistent racial violence throughout the 1920s. With America's entry into World War I, black populations swelled in response to labor shortages, thus precipitating racial conflict over jobs and housing between white residents of northern industrial cities and the black newcomers. These tensions would culminate in the “Red Summer,” a season of race riots, conflagrations, and other types of spectacular violence. Though the wartime surge in violence would subside after 1921, racial prejudice and violence continued on. Despite these setbacks, however, black resistance likewise persisted; and this period marks the ascent of a new generation of civil rights activists, as well as a few other notable milestones such as the Thurman-Watts v. Board of Education of Coffeyville and Brown v. Board of Education decisions and the establishment of the Kansas City branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

Keywords:   Red Summer, World War I, race riots, conflagrations, segregation, black resistance, civil rights, NAACP, racial violence, black protests

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