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Cape Verde, Let's GoCreole Rappers and Citizenship in Portugal$
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Derek Pardue

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252039676

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252039676.001.0001

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Lisbon Rappers and the Labor of Location

Lisbon Rappers and the Labor of Location

(p.84) Chapter 3 Lisbon Rappers and the Labor of Location
Cape Verde, Let's Go

Derek Pardue

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines the relationship of the microstructures of Kriolu phonemes and morphemes to Kriolu rap's narrative themes of discontented diaspora and unfulfilled membership. After providing a background on Kriolu language, the chapter explains how Kriolu rappers use language and how this might shed light into their identity work by highlighting Kriolu as an alternative to tuga (white Portuguese). It then asks why some Lisbon rappers sing in Kriolu rather than Portuguese, and how their use of language is effective in drawing attention to Cape Verdean projects of place-making and belonging. It also looks at Kriolu rappers' adoption of Hezbollah or favorable references to Palestine by citing the LBC/Soldjah song “Liberta Palestina.” It argues that the local language practices evident in Kriolu rap music illuminate an essential component of identity formation, namely, the ideological force of timeplace articulation, or chronotope.

Keywords:   diaspora, Kriolu, Kriolu rappers, Lisbon, tuga, place-making, belonging, rap music, identity formation, chronotope

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