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Changing the PlaybookHow Power, Profit, and Politics Transformed College Sports$
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Howard P. Chudacoff

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252039782

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252039782.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

The Civil Rights Restoration Act and Enforcement of Title IX

The Civil Rights Restoration Act and Enforcement of Title IX

(p.83) 5 The Civil Rights Restoration Act and Enforcement of Title IX
Changing the Playbook

Howard P. Chudacoff

University of Illinois Press

This chapter discusses Title IX, the Civil Rights Restoration Act, and gender equity on college sports. The Education Amendments passed by Congress in 1972 included a provision in its Title IX that “no person in the United States shall on the basis of sex be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.” However, many colleges and universities, whose athletic policies were dominated by male coaches and administrators, dithered on making significant commitments to expand female participation in intercollegiate athletics. In 1987, Congress proposed an act “to restore the broad scope of coverage and to clarify the application of Title IX.” The law, named the Civil Rights Restoration Act, which applied to Title IX and three other civil-rights statutes, would require that any organization or entity that receives federal funds, or indirectly benefits from federal assistance, must abide by laws outlawing discriminatory practices based upon race, religion, color, national origin, age, disability, or gender.

Keywords:   American college sports, women's college sports, racial integration, Title IX, 1972 Education Amendments, Civil Rights Restoration Act, female athletes, women athletes, gender equity

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