Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Against CitizenshipThe Violence of the Normative$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Amy L. Brandzel

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040030

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040030.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 05 August 2020

The Specters of Citizenship

The Specters of Citizenship

Hate Crimes and the Fear of the Repressed

Chapter:
(p.31) Chapter 1 The Specters of Citizenship
Source:
Against Citizenship
Author(s):

Amy L. Brandzel

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252040030.003.0002

This chapter examines the violent maintenance of citizenship through the police state, and the uses of hate crime legislation to both name and disallow any recognition of this violence. The intervention into how we understand citizenship to be violently organized functions at two interconnected levels, that is, at the structural level of state violence, and at the social level of identity categories. At the level of the state, hate crime legislation offers us important information on how the violence of citizenship is managed, controlled, and directed. At the structural level of the state, the chapter adds to left critiques of hate crime legislation by unpacking how these laws are used to create a dangerous discontinuum, in which hate crimes are marked as individualized errors, while police brutality is systemically assuaged. By examining the machinations of hate crime legislation at these two levels, it is argued that hate crime legislation works, simultaneously, to recognize and deny: (1) the violence of citizenship; and (2) the fear that the oppressed will seek revenge and retaliate for this experience by using violence themselves.

Keywords:   normative citizenship, hate crime legislation, police state, state violence, social identity, police brutality

Illinois Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.