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Sex TestingGender Policing in Women's Sports$
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Lindsay Parks Pieper

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040221

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

“A Careful Inquiry to Establish Her Sex beyond a Doubt”

“A Careful Inquiry to Establish Her Sex beyond a Doubt”

Sex/Gender Anxieties in Track and Field

Chapter:
(p.11) 1 “A Careful Inquiry to Establish Her Sex beyond a Doubt”
Source:
Sex Testing
Author(s):

Lindsay Parks Pieper

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.003.0002

This chapter illustrates the sex-segregated framework of sport and highlights the historical threats to the sex/gender status quo. In the early twentieth century, track and field was the most popular and prestigious Olympic pastime. It was also an activity explicitly reserved for men. Thus, when female activists successfully fought for women's inclusion in international competition, many people balked. When the International Olympic Committee reluctantly added women's track and field to the Olympic program, suspicions of male imposters immediately ensued. The supposed threat of masqueraders encouraged officials to require physical examinations of some participants. It was in track and field, then, where questions of sex/gender first surfaced and continued throughout the twentieth century.

Keywords:   track and field, sex testing, female athletes, International Olympic Committee, IOC

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