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Sex TestingGender Policing in Women's Sports$
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Lindsay Parks Pieper

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040221

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.001.0001

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“East Germany’s Mighty Sports Machine”

“East Germany’s Mighty Sports Machine”

Steroids, Nationalism, and Femininity Testing

(p.89) 4 “East Germany’s Mighty Sports Machine”
Sex Testing

Lindsay Parks Pieper

University of Illinois Press

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) created its medical commission in order to deter athletes from consuming performance-enhancing substances and to bar sex/gender-transgressive women from competition. This chapter discusses how the purposes of doping controls and sex tests became conflated in the 1970s. The victories of the German Democratic Republic at the 1976 Olympics allowed the IOC to envision all muscular women as unethical, substance-enhanced cheaters. Moreover, the IOC's belief in categorical divisions proliferated throughout the West. Although the subject was never mentioned explicitly, white Western women served as the foils to the supposed transgressors of femininity, reinscribing certain stereotypes about women of color.

Keywords:   female athletes, performance enhancement, International Olympic Committee, IOC, doping control, sex testing, white Western women

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