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Sex TestingGender Policing in Women's Sports$
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Lindsay Parks Pieper

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040221

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.001.0001

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The US vs. USSR

The US vs. USSR

Gender Testing, Doping Checks, and Olympic Boycotts

(p.109) 5 The US vs. USSR
Sex Testing

Lindsay Parks Pieper

University of Illinois Press

While the US–USSR rivalry dissipated somewhat in the 1970s, the two countries experienced an escalation of hostilities in the 1980s. Through athletic contests and strategic boycotts, the Olympics again served as a nonmilitary forum for the two superpowers to exert international dominance and demonstrate political views. This chapter evaluates the impact of the heightened animosities on sport and examines the International Olympic Committee's (IOC) response. In line with the increased international resentments between the two global powers, the International Association of Athletics Federation started to disagree with the IOC regarding the ethics of gender verification. The different opinions would eventually help dismantle sex/gender testing.

Keywords:   United States, Soviet Union, Cold War, International Olympic Committee, IOC, gender verification, sex testing, female athletes, International Association of Athletics Federation

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