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Sex TestingGender Policing in Women's Sports$
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Lindsay Parks Pieper

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040221

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.001.0001

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“Gender Testing Per Se Is No Longer Necessary”

“Gender Testing Per Se Is No Longer Necessary”

The IAAF’s and the IOC’s Continued Control

Chapter:
(p.159) 7 “Gender Testing Per Se Is No Longer Necessary”
Source:
Sex Testing
Author(s):

Lindsay Parks Pieper

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.003.0008

This chapter demonstrates how alternative requirements merely rendered gender verification moot. In 1992, the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF) terminated all mandatory gender controls while the International Olympic Committee's (IOC) Medical Commission remained loyal to PCR testing, maintaining the procedure for the 1994 Lillehammer Olympics, 1996 Atlanta Olympics, and 1998 Nagano Olympics. As a result, the IOC experienced opposition throughout the 1990s from concerned physicians, national governments, and medically trained athletes. In 1999, the IOC Executive Board voted to stop testing. However, the medical commission did not relinquish complete control. Through suspicion-based checks, anti-doping techniques, and the Stockholm Consensus, Olympic authorities continued to uphold a binary notion of sex/gender and to promote Western norms of femininity. Thus, even though the IAAF and the IOC may have disagreed on the correct method, both organizations still believed that sex/gender control was crucial in elite sport.

Keywords:   gender verification, International Olympic Committee, IOC, International Association of Athletics Federation

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