The Reintroduction of Gender Verification
This chapter discusses the return of sex and gender testing in international sport. The International Association of Athletics Federation and International Olympic Committee (IOC) sponsored six workshops to discuss the various techniques that could uphold sex/gender segregation in elite sport. The most influential meeting occurred in January 2010, immediately following the Second World Conference on the Hormonal and Genetic Basis of Sexual Differentiation Disorders. In a two-day closed-door gathering, the IOC invited fifteen scientists, medical experts, and sport physicians—many with previous gender verification experience—to “draw up guidelines for dealing with ‘ambiguous’ gender cases.” The group's conclusions laid the foundation for the IOC's final 2011 policy, the “IOC Regulations on Female Hyperandrogenism.”
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