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The Rise and Fall of Olympic Amateurism$
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Matthew P Llewellyn and John Gleaves

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040351

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040351.001.0001

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The Rise of the Shamateur

The Rise of the Shamateur

(p.54) 3 The Rise of the Shamateur
The Rise and Fall of Olympic Amateurism

Matthew P. Llewellyn

John Gleaves

University of Illinois Press

This chapter details the rise of the “shamateur” during the postwar years. The steady postwar globalization and growth of the Olympic Movement necessitated that the International Olympic Committee revisit its position on amateurism. A larger, more representative Olympics, comprising athletes from North Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe, exposed some of the harsh socially exclusive realities of existing amateur polices. For these new Olympic entities, the cultural nuances and ideological beliefs and practices of amateurism were simply alien. Lacking an established professional sporting structure (and thus a clear distinction between amateurism and professionalism), far removed from the chivalric, muscular Christian virtues of Anglo-Saxon moral superiority, these new Olympic nations considered class-based exclusionary policies—as well as prohibitions against travel and living expenses, broken-time payments, and financial prizes—as jejune and outdated.

Keywords:   Olympic Games, amateurism, amateur sports, class consciousness, Workers' Sports Movement

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