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A Century of TransnationalismImmigrants and Their Homeland Connections$
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Nancy L Green and Roger Waldinger

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040443

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040443.001.0001

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Japanese Brazilians (1908–2013)

Japanese Brazilians (1908–2013)

Transnationalism amid Violence, Social Mobility, and Crisis

(p.84) Chapter 3 Japanese Brazilians (1908–2013)
A Century of Transnationalism

Mônica Raisa Schpun

, Sarah Abel
University of Illinois Press

Brazil is currently home to the largest Japanese community outside of Japan, with around 1.5 million individuals spread over six generations. For more than a century, innumerable tensions have marked the immigration and the presence of ever more numerous contingents of Japanese and their descendants in Brazil. This chapter shows how such tensions are linked to the international dimension of this migratory process, which bears the marks both of the relations between Brazil and Japan but also of each country's relations with the immigrants and their descendants. Throughout this period, both Brazil and Japan have acted and reacted in different and even conflicting ways toward the immigrants, with consequences that have affected not only the migratory experiences of various generations of Japanese Brazilians, but also their links with Japan. The chapter unfolds in seven parts, following the theme of international relations and of the converging, diverging, conflicting, and coinciding interests between Brazil and Japan with regards to the history of this migratory flow. The transnational ties that took the form of a particularly strong attachment to their language and culture were facilitated or impeded depending on the period. Depending on the time frame and the international stakes, there was more or less tension obliging immigrants to abandon cultural practices that were dear to them or to practice them clandestinely, which led only to reinforcing their attachment to their homeland.

Keywords:   Brazil, Japanese migrants, Japanese immigration, transnationalism, Japan, international relations, migratory flow

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