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A Century of TransnationalismImmigrants and Their Homeland Connections$
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Nancy L Green and Roger Waldinger

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040443

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040443.001.0001

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Transnationalism and Migration in the Colonial and Postcolonial Context

Transnationalism and Migration in the Colonial and Postcolonial Context

Emigrants from the Souf Area (Algeria) to Nanterre (France) (1950–2000)

(p.236) Chapter 9 Transnationalism and Migration in the Colonial and Postcolonial Context
A Century of Transnationalism

Marie-Claude Blanc-Chaléard

, Melanie Moore
University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines the impact of decolonization and its aftermath on the transnational practices of Algerian immigrants to France since the 1950s. It draws on the findings of a recent collective oral history project that traced the history of an Algeria-France chain migration that began in the 1950s and stretched from a small oasis enclave on the edge of Algeria's Eastern Sahara, the area of Oued Souf to the town of Nanterre, an industrial suburb to the west of Paris. The chapter follows the migration cycle of the Souafas of Nanterre chronologically, examining the transnational perspective at each stage. The bulk of migration occurred between 1950 and the end of the twentieth century. During that time, the general context of migrations to Europe changed from a period of weak border controls during 30 years of economic growth (1945–1973), to border closures in 1974 when the economy went into recession. The Souafas' story can be told in three parts: first, an extended first stage lasting until 1962, which was still a story of colonized people, and then tracking changes that occurred in the following two periods (1962–1970, 1974–2000).

Keywords:   Algerian immigrants, France, decolonization, transnational practices, transnationalism, migration, Souafas

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