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Claiming NeighborhoodNew Ways of Understanding Urban Change$
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John J Betancur and Janet L Smith

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040504

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040504.001.0001

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Recasting Race/Ethnicity

Recasting Race/Ethnicity

The Gentrification of Bronzeville and Pilsen

(p.46) Chapter 3 Recasting Race/Ethnicity
Claiming Neighborhood

John J. Betancur

Janet L. Smith

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines how race and ethnicity get attached to neighborhood change by comparing and contrasting the presumed gentrification of two Chicago neighborhoods, Pilsen and Bronzeville: the first is predominantly black and the other is predominantly Latino. More specifically, it considers the role played by representations in the process of facilitating a neighborhood's shift toward gentrification. Drawing on observations in both Pilsen and Bronzeville, it analyzes the notion that tension arises because the higher-income households tend to identify by class rather than race or ethnicity, while the lower-income households do the opposite. It argues that both reactions to neighborhood change are opposite sides of the same coin and linked to the widespread acceptance of higher-income, usually white people displacing lower-income, usually nonwhite people.

Keywords:   race, ethnicity, neighborhood change, gentrification, Chicago, Pilsen, Bronzeville, higher-income households, class, lower-income households

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