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Claiming NeighborhoodNew Ways of Understanding Urban Change$
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John J Betancur and Janet L Smith

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040504

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040504.001.0001

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Constructing Carceral Space

Constructing Carceral Space

How Englewood Became the Ghetto

(p.76) Chapter 4 Constructing Carceral Space
Claiming Neighborhood

John J. Betancur

Janet L. Smith

University of Illinois Press

This chapter offers a historical account of how Englewood—a South Side neighborhood that went from white to black and from middle-class to poor—became a ghetto. More specifically, it examines the material and representational construction of Englewood by focusing on two major moments that helped produce its current space: the production of “normal” and prosperous white Englewood followed by the production of abnormal and poor black Englewood. After providing an overview of neighborhood change in Englewood, the chapter considers how creative destruction and spatial racism worked to transform it into a ghetto and a carceral space. It then explores how Englewood has become a preferred site for police experimentation and training using ever more force and different schemes of discipline and punishment. It also discusses resident actions that are engagements in power relations and thus forms of resistance and self-determination pushing back the dominant power.

Keywords:   neighborhood, ghetto, Englewood, neighborhood change, creative destruction, spatial racism, carceral space, punishment, power relations, self-determination

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