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Local VinoThe Winery Boom in the Heartland$
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James R. Pennell

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040740

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040740.001.0001

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The Long Road to the Midwestern Winery Boom

The Long Road to the Midwestern Winery Boom

(p.11) 2 The Long Road to the Midwestern Winery Boom
Local Vino

James R. Pennell

University of Illinois Press

This chapter traces the growth of local wineries in the Midwest. The wine available in the colonial period and the first century of nationhood, commonly referred to as Madeira, was often of poor quality and fortified to extend its shelf life. Consequently, hard apple cider, whiskey made from corn, and inexpensive imported rum were more popular. French settlers in the colonial period, German and Swiss immigrants in the early to mid-nineteenth century, and Southern and Eastern European immigrants in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries brought their cultures with them to the United States, which included growing grapes and making and drinking wine. This chapter first provides an overview of early commercial wine production in the Midwest and the slow development of the Midwest wine industry after Prohibition before discussing the wine boom in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, and Ohio that began in the mid-1990s, with wineries enjoying phenomenal growth in the first decade of the twenty-first century.

Keywords:   wineries, Midwest, European immigrants, commercial wine production, wine industry, Prohibition, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ohio

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