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Global Perspectives on the United StatesPro-Americanism, Anti-Americanism, and the Discourses Between$
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Virginia R. Domínguez and Jane C. Desmond

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040832

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040832.001.0001

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Sophia Balakian on Broeck and Mariani

Sophia Balakian on Broeck and Mariani

Sticks and Stones Discourses of Anti-Americanism as Name-Calling

Chapter:
(p.68) Third Look Sophia Balakian on Broeck and Mariani
Source:
Global Perspectives on the United States
Author(s):
Virginia R. Domínguez, Jane C. Desmond
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252040832.003.0007

This essay argues that both Broeck and Mariani implicitly and explicitly frame discourses of anti-Americanism as a form of name-calling, and that this involves condemnation in specifically gendered ways as well as in racist and homophobic ways used in a variety of contexts by children, adolescents, and adults. Mariani and Broeck both demonstrate that name-calling, or at least something close to it, takes place on a global and transnational level and in both cultural and state-centered politics. The essay asks how thinking about the term “anti-American” as a form of name-calling shifts the way we think about discourses of Americanization and anti-Americanism, and whether this framing might spotlight certain aspects of both essays. Balakian notes that both Mariani and Broeck critique U.S. exceptionalism, but wonders if it might not be especially helpful to shift the emphasis away from the idea that “America” is exceptionally hated to the idea that “America” is exceptionally powerful.

Keywords:   discourse, Americanism, Americanization, name-calling, “anti-Americanism”, U.S. exceptionalism, racism, gender, homophobia

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