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ChinoAnti-Chinese Racism in Mexico, 1880-1940$
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Jason Oliver Chang

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040863

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040863.001.0001

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The Politics of Chinese Immigration in the Era of Mexican National Colonization

The Politics of Chinese Immigration in the Era of Mexican National Colonization

(p.31) 1 The Politics of Chinese Immigration in the Era of Mexican National Colonization

Jason Oliver Chang

University of Illinois Press

This chapter tells the history of Mexican colonization policy through the nineteenth century to provide a detailed context to understand the integration of Chinese immigration. Attention to national colonization reforms shows how racial ideology governed the relationship between land, indigenous people, and the state. With a large population and rich resources government officials blamed the lack of economic success on the racial inferiority of the majority indigenous population. When the political elites of Porfirio Diaz’s regime turned to Chinese immigration to address what they perceived as the republic’s racial deficiency they initiated a political drama that would shape the coming revolution in 1910 and deeply influence the reconstruction of the Mexican racial state. Because recruited Chinese labor was designed to alter the relationship between territory, Indians, and the government, racialized discourse about the Chinese reached right into the heart of Mexican politics.

Keywords:   racial state, Indian, national colonization, immigration, Porfirio Diaz, nineteenth century, racial discourse, Chinese

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