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Networking ChinaThe Digital Transformation of the Chinese Economy$
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Yu Hong

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040917

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040917.001.0001

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Driving Capitalism to Western China

Driving Capitalism to Western China

IT and the Unwieldy Export-Processing Regime

(p.14) Chapter 1 Driving Capitalism to Western China
Networking China

Yu Hong

University of Illinois Press

Chapter 1 introduces the ICT-dominant export-processing economy from the perspective of western fringe areas and outlines its historical trajectory, spatial features, and new territorial units in western China. After explaining why western China missed the growth opportunity bestowed by the opening-up policy from the outset, the chapter examines the post-2008 measures of westward industrial relocation, with Intel Sichuan and Foxconn Chongqing as two case studies, focusing on the dynamics between state policy and transnational capital. It argues that this new trend of spatial rebalancing is likely to disperse and even deepen the structural crisis emanating from cross-border production that sustains today’s labor exploitation and electronic consumerism at once.

Keywords:   export-processing economy, global production networks, Western China, deindustrialization, urbanization, IC manufacturing, Foxconn, Intel, labor, industrial relocation

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