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Newspaper WarsCivil Rights and White Resistance in South Carolina, 1935-1965$
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Sid Bedingfield

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041228

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041228.001.0001

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Massive Resistance and the Death of a Black Newspaper

Massive Resistance and the Death of a Black Newspaper

(p.138) 6 Massive Resistance and the Death of a Black Newspaper
Newspaper Wars

Sid Bedingfield

University of Illinois Press

This chapter details the demise of a black newspaper, the Lighthouse and Informer, and the role of white newspapers in the rise of massive resistance to civil rights in South Carolina. John McCray’s newspaper had always depended financially on help from fellow activist Modjeska Simkins and her family, but a growing feud between the two civil rights activists eventually doomed the black newspaper. The rising pressure exerted by the white massive resistance movement contributed to the collapse of the newspaper and the decline in black activism in the late 1950s. Charleston News and Courier editor Thomas R. Waring Jr. and his chief political reporter, William D. Workman Jr., played central roles in establishing the white citizens’ council movement and using anti-communist rhetoric to undermine the civil rights effort.

Keywords:   Black press, civil rights, massive resistance, white citizens’ councils, cold war, red scare, journalism history, political journalism, objectivity

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