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ShameA Brief History$
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Peter N. Stearns

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041402

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041402.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 20 October 2019

Shame and Shaming in Premodern Societies

Shame and Shaming in Premodern Societies

(p.10) Chapter 2 Shame and Shaming in Premodern Societies

Peter N. Stearns

University of Illinois Press

This chapter stresses the ubiquity of shame and shaming in premodern societies, with illustrations ranging from philosophical considerations (Confucius, the Greeks) to social rituals like the public stocks. Specific features, like honor-based shaming or the shame attached to certain groups, are linked to this general picture. Debates include a brief review of shame in small hunter-gatherer groups, where the emotion may have been less necessary than in agricultural communities, and the important discussion of shame v. guilt in Christianity. Later sections of the chapter explore the Western and the colonial American experiences in greater detail, including the increased use of shaming in the early modern centuries.

Keywords:   honor, agricultural society, hunting and gathering, public stocks, Greek philosophy, Confucianism. Christianity, guilt, charivaris,colonial America, Britain, women, childrearing, family, crime, punishment, schools, China, nudity, tashir, civilizing process, racism, patriarchy, Hinduism, samurai, blushing, privacy

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