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Race NewsBlack Journalists and the Fight for Racial Justice in the Twentieth Century$
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Fred Carroll

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041495

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041495.001.0001

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Black Power Assaults the Black Newspaper

Black Power Assaults the Black Newspaper

(p.152) Chapter 6 Black Power Assaults the Black Newspaper
Race News

Fred Carroll

University of Illinois Press

The alternative black press grew in popularity and editorial stridency in the 1960s, prompting commercial publishers to try to steer the Black Power Movement into acceptable political channels. Alternative publications included student newspapers, leftist political journals, and organizational newspapers for Black Nationalist groups. TheBlack Panther and Muhammad Speaks claimed circulations that rivaled the largest commercial newspapers. Alternative editors questioned the value of integration, endorsed armed self-defense, and embraced a Marxist critique of American capitalism and empire. Commercial publishers attempted to advise young sit-in protesters and then tried to define Black Power as the effective use of political power. By the late 1960s, though, they almost universally condemned the Black Panther Party and other militant activists, fearing unneeded provocations would erase significant legislative achievements.

Keywords:   armed self-defense, Black Nationalism, Black Power, Black Power Movement, Black Panther, Black Panther Party, Marxism, Muhammad Speaks, sit-ins

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