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Creating the Land of LincolnThe History and Constitutions of Illinois, 1778-1870$
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Frank Cicero Jr.

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041679

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041679.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 24 February 2020

Illinois before Statehood

Illinois before Statehood

Slave Country of the Northwest Territory

(p.9) Chapter 1 Illinois before Statehood
Creating the Land of Lincoln

Frank Cicero Jr.

University of Illinois Press

Chapter 1 summarizes the history of the territory that would become Illinois, from its earliest inhabitants at Cahokia through the French settlements at Kaskaskia and the various jurisdictions it fell under. French rule established the tradition of slavery; U.S. rule as part of the Northwest Territory sought to abolish it. Residents arguing for creation of the Illinois Territory focused on issues including local rule, future economic development, and preserving the practice of indentured servitude. In 1818, congressional delegate Nathanial Pope secured “most favorable terms” for the Illinois Territory, setting its northern boundary to encompass the mouth of the Chicago River and eventually the important Illinois and Michigan Canal, which contributed to Chicago’s dominance as a hub of population, commerce, and transportation.

Keywords:   Chicago—economic development, Illinois and Michigan Canal, Illinois Territory—history, indentured servitude, Kaskaskia, Illinois, local rule, Northwest Territory, Nathanial Pope, slavery

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