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Creating the Land of LincolnThe History and Constitutions of Illinois, 1778-1870$
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Frank Cicero Jr.

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041679

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041679.001.0001

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Black Codes and Bondage, Settling the North, Legislative Follies

Black Codes and Bondage, Settling the North, Legislative Follies

(p.69) Chapter 3 Black Codes and Bondage, Settling the North, Legislative Follies
Creating the Land of Lincoln

Frank Cicero Jr.

University of Illinois Press

Chapter 3 covers the years in which the Illinois state capital moved from Kaskaskia to Vandalia to Springfield, focusing on legislative and judicial debates surrounding the Black Code, which limited the rights of free blacks, and the euphemistic practices of indentured/involuntary servitude and apprenticeship contracts. As antislavery populations surged in northern Illinois, political and legal opinions about blacks shifted. The 1832 Black Hawk War, a land dispute involving the Sauk and Fox, led to the 1833 treaty that removed Native Americans from the state. The Illinois General Assembly, including in 1836–37 representatives Stephen Douglas and Abraham Lincoln, chartered state banks that failed; set up internal improvement schemes that indebted the state; and ultimately supported completion of the Illinois and Michigan Canal (1848).

Keywords:   Black Code, Black Hawk War, Stephen Douglas, Illinois—internal improvements, Illinois and Michigan Canal, Illinois General Assembly, indentured servitude, Abraham Lincoln, Springfield, Illinois, Vandalia, Illinois

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