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Creating the Land of LincolnThe History and Constitutions of Illinois, 1778-1870$
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Frank Cicero Jr.

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041679

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041679.001.0001

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Civil War, a Partisan Convention, the Decisive Later 1860s

Civil War, a Partisan Convention, the Decisive Later 1860s

(p.163) Chapter 6 Civil War, a Partisan Convention, the Decisive Later 1860s
Creating the Land of Lincoln

Frank Cicero Jr.

University of Illinois Press

Chapter 6 covers the Civil War years, during which portions of Illinois leaned toward secession even as white and black regiments mustered for service. The heavily partisan 1862 constitutional convention was led by Democrats who overstepped their charge, tackling the essential issues of increasing executive and legislator pay, strengthening the governor’s veto, and reducing the number of special-interest bills, but also betraying strong feelings against black settlement in the state and harassing the Republican governor. The proposed constitution was rejected by voters. Meanwhile, Chicago transformed into a modern metropolis, leading the region in commerce, finance, manufacturing, and philanthropy. The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution cemented Abraham Lincoln’s legacy even as attitudes toward racial equality in parts of Illinois remained distinctly southern.

Keywords:   blacks—southern attitudes about, Chicago—economic development, Civil War—Illinois, Democratic Party—Illinois, Illinois—state constitution, Illinois—state constitutional convention, 1862, Abraham Lincoln—legacy, racial equality, U.S. Constitution—amendments

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