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The Fight for Asian American Civil RightsLiberal Protestant Activism, 1900-1950$
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Sarah M. Griffith

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041686

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041686.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Once I Was an American

Once I Was an American

Asian North American Resistance in the Interwar Period

Chapter:
(p.54) 3 Once I Was an American
Source:
The Fight for Asian American Civil Rights
Author(s):

Sarah M. Griffith

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5622/illinois/9780252041686.003.0004

Debates over racial inclusion and exclusion reached a turning point in 1922 when the U.S. Supreme Court denied Japan-born Takao Ozawa’s application for naturalization on racial grounds and reinforced their decision in the 1923 case of India-born Bhagat Singh Thind. Two years later, Congress approved Japanese immigrant exclusion on similar grounds. The Survey of Race Relations unfolded as race was being reintroduced to the nation’s legal codes. The interviews collected among Chinese Americans and Japanese Americans living on the Pacific revealed the precarious racial position these communities faced and how, on the cusp of these historical legal decisions, white racial liberals and Asian North Americans continued to envision assimilation and acculturation as viable options for ensuring inclusion in the nation’s civil, economic, and political life.

Keywords:   1924 Immigration Act, Takao Ozawa v. United States, United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind, Survey of Race Relations

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