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The Mexican Revolution in ChicagoImmigration Politics from the Early Twentieth Century to the Cold War$
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John H. Flores

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041808

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041808.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

The Cold War and the Decline of the Revolutionary Generation

The Cold War and the Decline of the Revolutionary Generation

(p.137) 6 The Cold War and the Decline of the Revolutionary Generation
The Mexican Revolution in Chicago

John H. Flores

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines the decline of the radical Mexican nationalist left. During the Cold War, the U.S. federal government launched Operation Wetback and police departments and the FBI coordinated with the INS to deport radical Latinos. Refugio Martinez was a radical who lived through the revolution, joined the Frente and the CIO in Chicago, and then was deported as a dissident during the Cold War. Through Martinez’s life, this chapter argues that the U.S. government settled the contest between the revolutionary factions at the expense of the radicals and in favor of the traditionalists who were passed over by the INS during Operation Wetback and left in the position to leave the deepest imprint on the young Mexican Americans of Chicagoland.

Keywords:   Refugio Roman Martinez, Bert Corona, Luisa Moreno, Humberto Silex, Josefina Fierro, Asociacion Nacional Mexico-Americana, Braceros, McCarthyism, Operation Wetback, U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service

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