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Assassins against the Old OrderItalian Anarchist Violence in Fin de Siècle Europe$
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Nunzio Pernicone and Fraser M. Ottanelli

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041877

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041877.001.0001

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Crispi and the “Exceptional Laws”

Crispi and the “Exceptional Laws”

(p.77) 4 Crispi and the “Exceptional Laws”
Assassins against the Old Order

Nunzio Pernicone

Fraser M. Ottanelli

University of Illinois Press

In Italy anarchist bombings along with the attentats of Lega and Caserio provided the pretext for an intensification of repression. Chapter 4 details the measures adopted under Francesco Crispi’s draconian rule directed against the country’s progressive forces—republicans, socialists, and anarchists. The chapter describes the legislation approved in 1894 that allowed the government to escalate the clampdown of political subversion and public unrest. These “exceptional laws” further curtailed freedom of the press and made it possible to subject thousands of subversives and malfattori to ammonizione, trial by military courts and domicilio coatto in penal colonies. Finally, these repressive measures forced anarchist leaders who were not in detention to flee into exile.

Keywords:   Repression, Francesco Crispi, “Exceptional Laws”, domicilio coatto, ammonizione, malfattori

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