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Black OperaHistory, Power, Engagement$
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Naomi André

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041921

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041921.001.0001

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From Nineteenth-Century France to Settings in the United States and South Africa in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries

(p.120) 5 Carmen
Black Opera

Naomi André

University of Illinois Press

This chapter follows the character of Carmen from her genesis in the middle of the nineteenth century with Prosper Mérimée’s novella (1845-46) through Bizet’s opera (1875), the film adaptation of Carmen Jones (1954), the MTV hip hopera (2001), and the South African U-Carmen eKhayelitsha (2005). With a transnational lens, this chapter brings together the same story as it moves across the Atlantic from Europe to the United States to South Africa and becomes a focal point for looking at text and genre. The emphases are on the intricacies of representation across the parameters of race, gender, expressions of hypersexuality, class, and nation while they are juxtaposed and held in dialogue with each other.

Keywords:   Mérimée, Bizet, Carmen, transnationalism, race, gender, hypersexuality, class, nation, hip hopera, Carmen Jones, Carmen: A Hip Hopera, U-Carmen eKhayelitsha

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