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Remembering LattimerLabor, Migration, and Race in Pennsylvania Anthracite Country$
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Paul A. Shackel

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041990

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041990.001.0001

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A Great Miscarriage of Justice and the Growth of the UMWA

A Great Miscarriage of Justice and the Growth of the UMWA

(p.45) Chapter 3 A Great Miscarriage of Justice and the Growth of the UMWA
Remembering Lattimer

Paul A. Shackel

University of Illinois Press

The Lattimer massacre trial lasted for five weeks, beginning in February 1898. The sheriff and his deputies were found innocent, which created a storm of varying reactions throughout the country. Many saw this case as a miscarriage of American justice, while others explained that the results of this case saved American civilization. Lattimer showed the UMWA that foreign workers could be organized, and many miners realized union could help them fight for social and economic justice. Anthracite mining employed about 180,000 people during World War I. The industry began its steady decline after the war, and then the decline accelerated after World War II. Today there are fewer than one thousand mine workers in northeastern Pennsylvania, and the UMWA is almost nonexistent in the area.

Keywords:   Lattimer massacre trial, Great Coal Strike of 1902, John Mitchell, decline of anthracite

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