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To Turn the Whole World OverBlack Women and Internationalism$
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Keisha N. Blain and Tiffany M. Gill

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780252042317

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252042317.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 28 June 2022

“We Are Negroes!”

“We Are Negroes!”

The Haitian Zambo, Racial Spectacle, and the Performance of Black Women’s Internationalism, 1863–1877

Chapter:
(p.15) Chapter 1 “We Are Negroes!”
Source:
To Turn the Whole World Over
Author(s):

Brandon R. Byrd

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5622/illinois/9780252042317.003.0002

This essay examines the ideas and activism of a woman calling herself Madame Parque, who traveled across the United States giving lectures to black and white audiences during the 1870s. Claiming to be a well-educated, multilingual, and mixed-race Haitian educator, Parque spoke at courthouses, black churches, and black schools throughout the United States, mocking racism and sexism and celebrating Afro-diasporic history and black identity. The woman who presented herself as a Haitian named Madame Parque emboldened African Americans striving for meaningful freedom and prodded white Americans to develop more enlightened perspectives about black people. Her story captures the dynamic ways in which black women influenced the directions of black thought in the postemancipation United States.

Keywords:   Haiti, French, black thought, black nationalism, racial uplift, Pan-Africanism, Sexism, Racism, religion

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