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Hostile HeartlandRacism, Repression, and Resistance in the Midwest$
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Brent M. S. Campney

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780252042492

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252042492.001.0001

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The Antebellum Old Northwest

The Antebellum Old Northwest

“For the white man, and the white man only”

(p.13) 1 The Antebellum Old Northwest
Hostile Heartland

Brent M. S. Campney

University of Illinois Press

This chapter challenges prevailing assumptions that anti-black lynching emerged during or after the American Civil War and that it was inherently lethal. First, it examines non-lethal lynchings and lethal lynchings in the Old Northwest states of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois during the antebellum period, the quarter century before the Civil War. Second, it situates lynching within a broader tapestry of racist violence that included race riots, gang-rapes, beatings, and other assaults. Third, it investigates the underlying motivations of whites for lynchings specifically and for racist violence generally, including concerns over school integration and interracial sexual relations. Finally, the chapter ruminates on the significance of its findings for the rapidly expanding historiography of racist violence

Keywords:   racist violence, antebellum, Old Northwest, nonlethal lynchings, lethal lynchings, school integration, interracial sexual relations, historiography

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