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Black HuntingtonAn Appalachian Story$
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Cicero M., III Fain

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780252042591

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252042591.001.0001

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Community, Race, and Class

Community, Race, and Class

Black Settlement Patterns, 1871Early 1900s

(p.70) Chapter 4 Community, Race, and Class
Black Huntington

Cicero M. Fain III

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines the period encompassing Huntington’s nascent physical development, increasing black migrant influx into the town and region, an emergent black residential population, and the developing contours of class stratification. It centers this study on the black individual and collective responses of Huntington’s first generation of black migrants and residents to two corresponding and overlapping developments: one attendant to the rise of the city as the region’s industrial, economic, social, and political hub; the other attendant to the larger historical forces of urbanization, industrialization, racism, and capitalism. It contends that in recognition of the formidable processes and forces arrayed against them, most black Huntingtonians during this era engaged in individual and communal efforts, grounded in cultural and historical commonalities, to better their lives economically.

Keywords:   Black migrant influx, Ohio River Valley, “shadow community,” Nelson Barnett, Rufus Cook, The Woodson family, community, class stratification, racial residential segregation, J. W. Scott

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