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Black HuntingtonAn Appalachian Story$
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Cicero M., III Fain

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780252042591

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252042591.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 31 July 2021

Spreading Our Wings

Spreading Our Wings

Afro-Huntingtonian Progress during the Era of “Benevolent Segregation”

Chapter:
(p.117) Chapter 6 Spreading Our Wings
Source:
Black Huntington
Author(s):

Cicero M. Fain III

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5622/illinois/9780252042591.003.0006

This chapter examines Huntington’s growth as a regional urban-industrial hub and black socio-cultural enclave during the early-twentieth century, an era of resurgent white racism nationally. Central to this examination are the responses of second generational Afro-Huntingtonians to the manifestations of strengthening Jim Crow era racism, including what white West Virginian state and municipal authorities euphemistically characterized as “benevolent segregation.” It contends that although social stratification complicated intra-class cooperation, a maturing black professional class within the city and state, linked to the foundation of inter-generational wealth acquisition attendant to family stability, access to broadening educational opportunities, continuing black influx, and embrace of the “Self-Help” philosophy, engaged in a variety of successful actions that advanced African American economic and political progress.

Keywords:   Benevolent segregation, White vs. White, lynching, black professional women, Douglass High School, The Pittsburgh Courier, restrictive covenants, colored Huntington, Self-Help philosophy, Washington Place, Barnett Hospital

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