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Raced to Death in 1920s Hawai iInjustice and Revenge in the Fukunaga Case$
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Jonathan Y. Okamura

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780252042607

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252042607.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

The Racial Setting of Hawai‘i in the 1920s

The Racial Setting of Hawai‘i in the 1920s

(p.17) 1. The Racial Setting of Hawai‘i in the 1920s
Raced to Death in 1920s Hawai i

Jonathan Y. Okamura

University of Illinois Press

This chapter situates the Fukunaga case in the racial setting of Hawai‘i during the 1920s, when the anti-Japanese movement peaked before World War II. It begins by discussing Haole political and economic power, which resulted from Haole’s enforcing race as the dominant organizing principle of social relations. Also outlined is the anti-Japanese movement, which sought to subordinate Japanese Americans because they were considered the most dangerous threat to Haole domination. The chapter discusses previous racial injustices against Japanese and Filipino labor leaders in the 1920s who had upset the racial hierarchy by organizing plantation strikes. It concludes that the racial setting was demarcated by an uneven racial divide between Haoles and non-Haoles because Native Hawaiians had much greater political access than most of the latter.

Keywords:   racial setting, racial injustice, anti-Japanese movement, Haoles, Native Hawaiians, Filipino Americans, Japanese Americans, racial divide

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