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Sophonisba BreckinridgeChampioning Women's Activism in Modern America$
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Anya Jabour

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780252042676

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252042676.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Toward a National Minimum

Toward a National Minimum

Women Building the Welfare State

(p.229) Chapter Nine Toward a National Minimum
Sophonisba Breckinridge

Anya Jabour

University of Illinois Press

Chapter 9 traces Breckinridge’s contributions to the nascent welfare state during the Great Depression. Breckinridge and other activist women made it their mission to establish a national minimum for all Americans by crafting a federal welfare state. Building on the groundwork they had laid in the Progressive era, Breckinridge and her allies in the New Deal administration--especially in the U.S. Children’s Bureau--insisted that it was the federal government’s responsibility to care for all its citizens. They worked to establish federally funded social services, ban child labor, and establish a minimum wage under the Social Security Act of 1935 and the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.

Keywords:   Fair Labor Standards Act, Great Depression, New Deal, Social Security Act, U.S. Children’s Bureau, welfare state

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