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Over Here, Over ThereTransatlantic Conversations on the Music of World War I$
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William Brooks, Christina Bashford, and Gayle Magee

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780252042706

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252042706.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 18 May 2022

Women at the Pedals

Women at the Pedals

Female Cinema Musicians during the Great War

Chapter:
(p.149) Chapter 7 Women at the Pedals
Source:
Over Here, Over There
Author(s):

Kendra Preston Leonard

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5622/illinois/9780252042706.003.0009

Women played many musical roles in the film industry. They accompanied silent films at the organ with existing repertoire, made new compositions of incidental music and songs, and improvised accompaniments at the keyboard; they constructed and disseminated cue sheets and educated their fellow musicians and the public in trade journals and newspapers; and they were inventors: Alice Smythe Jay created a mechanism to synchronize piano rolls with films, while Carrie Hetherington invented and promoted the Fotoplayer. In World War I, with men serving abroad, women were increasingly vital to the industry, advancing the cause of professional women throughout the music industry.

Keywords:   World War I, film industry, silent films, silent film music, organ, musical accompanists, composers, musical improvisation, cue sheets, women inventors, piano rolls

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