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Writing RevolutionHispanic Anarchism in the United States$
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Christopher J. Castaneda and Montse Feu

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780252042744

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252042744.001.0001

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Anarchism and the End of Empire

Anarchism and the End of Empire

José Cayetano Campos, Labor, and Cuba Libre

(p.53) Chapter 3 Anarchism and the End of Empire
Writing Revolution

Christopher J. Castañeda

University of Illinois Press

This essay examines the conflict that arose among some Spanish-born (peninsular) cigar makers in New York and Cuban separatists. During the 1890s, a vibrant anarchist community developed in Brooklyn, New York, that published a periodical, El Despertar (1891-1902) and interacted with anarchists in Spain, Florida, and Cuba among other locations. As the conflict between Spanish colonial authority over Cuba became increasingly contentious and violent, tensions between some Cubans and Spaniards increased as well, particularly among Cubans who felt that many Spanish anarchists were indifferent to the separatist cause. Jose C. Campos, a Cuban émigré living in Brooklyn, addressed these issues in a number of essays printed in El Despertar and other workers’ newspapers and attempted to redirect anxiety and anger toward capitalism instead of destructive infighting among Spanish-speaking cigar workers.

Keywords:   anarchism, Brooklyn, cigar makers, Cuba, Cuban separatism, El Despertar, El Esclavo, José C. Campos, Key West, labor

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