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Writing RevolutionHispanic Anarchism in the United States$
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Christopher J. Castaneda and Montse Feu

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780252042744

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252042744.001.0001

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Spanish Firemen and Maritime Syndicalism, 1902–1940

Spanish Firemen and Maritime Syndicalism, 1902–1940

(p.103) Chapter 6 Spanish Firemen and Maritime Syndicalism, 1902–1940
Writing Revolution

Jon Bekken

Mario Martín Revellado

University of Illinois Press

This chapter describes how Spanish firemen and Hispanic anarcho-syndicalists built a strong presence in the maritime industry in the opening decades of the twentieth century. They exchanged publications and developed interpersonal networks to sustain a culture of resistance across the Americas. Hispanic seaman played a major role in the Atlantic Coast maritime trade, primarily as firemen (fogoneros) working on ships sailing out of U.S. ports. Many fogoneros had experience in militant unions overseas, having fled persecution in Cuba or Spain. Firemen, though ill-paid, were central to the operation of coal-fired steamships, providing electricity to the ship as well as powering its engines. This chapter also examines the Strike of 1912.

Keywords:   fogoneros, Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), International Seaman’s Union (ISU), Marine Transport Workers (MTW), New York City, Spanish seaman, Strikes, syndicalism

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