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Reimagining LiberationHow Black Women Transformed Citizenship in the French Empire$
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Annette K. Joseph-Gabriel

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780252042935

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252042935.001.0001

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Suzanne Césaire

Suzanne Césaire

Liberation beyond the Great Camouflage

(p.29) 1. Suzanne Césaire
Reimagining Liberation

Annette K. Joseph-Gabriel

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines Suzanne Césaire’s liberatory politics and poetics. Whereas existing scholarship has focused on Césaire’s essays in the journal Tropiques published in Martinique during World War II, this chapter re-reads those essays alongside Césaire’s unpublished writings in order to reveal the crucial influence that Césaire’s stay in Haiti had on her vision for an Antillean cultural renaissance and political liberation. The five formative months that she spent in Haiti reveal the island to be, for Césaire, a site of political imagination and a generative space for forging a broader Caribbean identity that contests but also goes beyond the colonial paradigms of Martinique’s place in the French empire.

Keywords:   Suzanne Césaire, Martinique, Haiti, Caribbean, identity, political imagination, cultural renaissance

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