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Montse Feu

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780252043246

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252043246.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Damned Cartoons! Workers’ Identity and Resistance

Damned Cartoons! Workers’ Identity and Resistance

(p.159) 9 Damned Cartoons! Workers’ Identity and Resistance
Fighting Fascist Spain

Montse Feu

University of Illinois Press

Varied visual strategies were showcased in España Libre. Some authors ridiculed fascists in gendered terms while others sought compassion for refugees. Comic art grew awareness of the threat of fascism and exposed the state of terror perpetrated by Hitler and Franco. When Sergio Aragonés translated the Spanish underground resistance reports into visual language on the front page of España Libre, he perceptively counteracted the Franco regime’s propaganda. Similarly, Josep Bartolí i Guiu’s illustrations humanized political prisoners for readers. As visual discursive spaces, cartoons endorsed emotions brought forth by belonging to a transnational, antifascist, and proletarian community and asked readers to think collectively about the need for solidarity and protection of the working-class culture both in exile and under fascism. Cartoons delivered España Libre’s message powerfully until the last issue of the periodical, even after many founders had passed away.

Keywords:   Adolf Hitler, antifascist cartoons, Francisco Franco, Francisco Rivero Gil, Josep Bartolí i Guiu, patriarchal stereotypes, Pepoti, proletarian cartoons, Sergio Aragonés Domenech

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