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West of Jim Crow – The Fight against California's Color Line - Illinois Scholarship Online
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West of Jim Crow: The Fight against California's Color Line

Lynn M. Hudson


This book follows California’s history of segregation from statehood to the beginning of the long civil rights movement, arguing that the state innovated methods to control and contain African Americans and other people of color. While celebrated in popular discourse for its forward-thinking culture, politics, and science, California also pioneered new ways to keep citizenship white. Schools, streetcars, restaurants, theaters, parks, beaches, and pools were places of contestation where the presence of black bodies elicited forceful responses from segregationists. Black Californians employed in ... More

Keywords: Jim Crow, racial segregation, black bodies, civil rights, citizenship, California, Gender, African American women’s history, the US West

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780252043345
Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2021 DOI:10.5622/illinois/9780252043345.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Lynn M. Hudson, author
University of Illinois Chicago