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American Gamelan and the Ethnomusicological Imagination$
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Elizabeth A Clendinning

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780252043383

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252043383.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 28 June 2022

Early Encounters in Bimusicality

Early Encounters in Bimusicality

(p.23) Chapter 2 Early Encounters in Bimusicality
American Gamelan and the Ethnomusicological Imagination

Elizabeth A Clendinning

University of Illinois Press

The chapter presents an overview of the introduction of gamelan to North America and examines how the ensembles assumed a key role within the philosophy and practice of American collegiate world music education. Musical and cultural exhibitions at world’s fairs, the dispersion of early recordings of gamelan music, transnational performance tours, and the work of Western composers and pedagogues led to the importation of instruments and founding of early academic gamelans. The world music ensemble programs modeled after those founded at UCLA by Mantle Hood embodied a new and important paradigm in ethnomusicology termed bimusicality, as well as sparking the collegiate world music ensemble movement. The chapter concludes with a brief overview of the current gamelan scene in the United States that reconnects the early development of academic gamelan ensembles to contemporary artistic and educational practices.

Keywords:   bimusicality, ethnomusicology, gamelan, Mantle Hood, University of California, Los Angeles, world’s fair, world music

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