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The Labor Board CrewRemaking Worker-Employer Relations from Pearl Harbor to the Reagan Era$
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Ronald W. Schatz

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780252043628

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252043628.001.0001

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On Top of the World, 1946–56

On Top of the World, 1946–56

(p.50) 3 On Top of the World, 1946–56
The Labor Board Crew

Ronald W. Schatz

University of Illinois Press

American unions and companies did not reach a grand accord after World War II, as many historians claimed in the 1960s and 1970s, nor did corporations continuously maneuver to undermine unions after the war ended, as labor historians began arguing in the 1990s. Relations were more complex than that. Compromises were reached at thousands of firms, mediated by the former staff of the National War Labor Board, whom companies and unions hired as their principals arbitrators. This chapters offers three illustrations: Harry Shulman at the Ford Motor Company, John T. Dunlop in the construction industry, and Sylvester Garrett in the steel industry. The compromises depended on slowly rising inflation in wages and prices, a factor that only a few of the intermediaries acknowledged.

Keywords:   industrial relations, conflict resolution, arbitration, mediation, United States, labor relations, labor-management relations, inflation, wages, steel industry, strikes

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